LIFE&TIMES

A quick guide to the main events in the life of Pi­etro Mascagni THE LIFE 1863 THE TIMES

BBC Music Magazine - - COMPOSER OF THE MONTH -

1863

Pi­etro Mascagni is born on 7 De­cem­ber in

LIVORNO, Italy, the son of a baker. Against his fa­ther’s wishes, he pur­sues a mu­si­cal ca­reer from an early age.

1881

He achieves recog­ni­tion as a com­poser with the can­tata In fi­landa. It wins him fi­nan­cial sup­port to at­tend the Mi­lan Con­ser­va­tory where he shares a room with Puc­cini.

1888

His Caval­le­ria rus­ti­cana wins the

Sovogno one-act opera com­pe­ti­tion, its con­tem­po­rary sub­ject mat­ter spear­head­ing a new style of opera known as verismo.

1901

At the height of his pop­u­lar­ity, Mascagni is sur­prised by the fail­ure of LE MASCHERE. Only the per­for­mances that he him­self con­ducts re­ceive a de­cent re­cep­tion.

1915

With his mu­sic for Nini Ox­ilia’s Rap­so­dia San­tan­ica, he makes his first and only step into film mu­sic.

1935

His opera Nerone, in which he seeks a new way to por­tray re­al­ity through his­tor­i­cal metaphors, is a suc­cess.

BEN­ITO MUS­SOLINI, though, is unim­pressed.

1945

After sev­eral years of ill health, he dies peace­fully on 2 August 1945.

1863

Sit­u­ated close to La Scala opera house, The Grand Ho­tel et de Mi­lan, a fu­ture favourite of the fa­mous and fash­ion­able, opens for the first time.

1881

The Ital­ian ex­plorer GIUSEPPE MARIA GIULIETTI and 13 of his com­pan­ions are killed by Afar tribes­men while on an ex­pe­di­tion in the Assab re­gion of Ethiopia.

1888

The his­toric walls of the GHETTO OF ROME, a des­per­ately poor area of Jewish seg­re­ga­tion cre­ated in 1555 un­der the or­der of Pope Paul IV, are torn down. 1901

Con­ducted by sen­a­tor Giuseppe Saredo, the Royal Com­mis­sion of In­quiry into Naples in­ves­ti­gates and then re­ports years of bad gov­er­nance and wide­spread cor­rup­tion in the south­ern Ital­ian city.

1915

After weigh­ing up whether or not to re­main neu­tral, Italy en­ters World War One by open­ing hos­til­i­ties against Aus­tri­ahun­gary, fol­lowed by the Ot­toman

Em­pire and then Ger­many.

1935

The Ital­ian au­thor

CE­SARE PAVESE, a staunch anti-fas­cist, is ar­rested and im­pris­oned for hav­ing let­ters from a po­lit­i­cal pris­oner in his pos­ses­sion.

1945

At­tempt­ing to flee from Mi­lan to safety in Switzerland after the col­lapse of his gov­ern­ment, Ben­ito Mus­solini is cap­tured and ex­e­cuted by Ital­ian par­ti­sans in the vil­lage of Gi­ulino di Mezze­gra.

1945

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