English explorer and navigator Sir Francis Drake began his voyage to sail around the world.
William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham, was born in London.
Astronomer Sir William Herschel, who discovered Uranus, was born in Hanover. He died in Slough in 1822.
Isaac Pitman’s stenographic sound-hand, the first shorthand system, was published, price 4d.
Winston Churchill (above) was captured by the Boers while covering the war as a reporter for the Morning Post. He escaped a few weeks later.
An electrical hearing aid was patented by Miller Reese of New York.
Rampant inflation in Germany reached a peak when the mark (4.2 to the dollar in 1914) rose to 4,200,000,000 to the dollar.
Elvis Presley’s first film, Love MeTender,waspremieredinNew York.
The Cunard flagship Queen Elizabeth docked at Southampton for the last time. She was replaced by the Queen Elizabeth II.
ITV channel ATV screened the first colour television commercial in Britain, for Birds Eye peas.
Moors murderer Myra Hindley (above) died in jail, aged 60.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR:
Prison officers were ordered back to work after thousands joined a protest held amid claims jails were ‘’in meltdown’’.
88; Petula Clark, singer, 85; Sam Waterston, actor, 77; Frida Lyngstad, singer (ABBA), 72; Beverly D’Angelo, actress, 66; Jonny Lee Miller (above), actor, 45; Gemma Atkinson, actress, 33.