The Spoonbill bred in East Anglia until about 1650. Since then, it has been a scarce visitor which has threatened to make a comeback. By the end of 1990s, these threats were starting to be taken seriously, as a summering population of a few dozen birds included some playing at nest building in East Anglia and Cheshire. In 2010, this promise was converted into reality with the first modern breeding proven at Holkham, North Norfolk. Now, mixed age groups of Spoonbills are expected at several East Anglian sites as breeding colonies are establishing.