IMPORTANCE OF HABITAT
Geographical distribution and habitat are important considerations when identifying European woodpeckers. Some species are fussy, while others are more catholic in their tastes. For instance, Three-toed Woodpeckers (below) are specialists in feeding on the larvae of Spruce Bark-beetle, so are most frequently encountered where there are substantial stands of spruce trees. Whitebacked Woodpeckers have a preference for, ideally undisturbed, damp woodland with plenty of dead or dying trees to feed in. On the other hand, Great Spotted Woodpeckers and Black Woodpeckers are less specialised in their requirements and can be found in a range of forest types.