Chinese sup­pli­ers to Google and Ap­ple face US sanc­tions

The Daily Telegraph - Business - - Technology Intelligen­ce - By Margi Mur­phy in San Fran­cisco

THE White House has sanc­tioned 11 Chinese com­pa­nies, in­clud­ing sup­pli­ers to Ap­ple, Google, HP and Mi­crosoft, over al­leged hu­man rights abuses of eth­nic Mus­lim Uighurs in China.

The list fea­tures com­pa­nies that work with ma­jor fash­ion brands along with tech­nol­ogy gi­ants like Ama­zon, ac­cord­ing to a re­port by the Aus­tralian Strate­gic Pol­icy In­sti­tute (ASPI).

The com­pa­nies are now barred from buy­ing Amer­i­can tech­nol­ogy or prod­ucts. Huawei, which was placed on the list last year, for “ac­tiv­i­ties de­ter­mined to be con­trary to the na­tional se­cu­rity or for­eign pol­icy in­ter­ests of the United States” can no longer li­cence Google’s An­droid op­er­at­ing sys­tem for its de­vices as re­sult of the sanc­tions.

The United States’ Com­merce De­part­ment

said that the new ad­di­tions to the list were com­plicit in the “re­pres­sion, mass ar­bi­trary de­ten­tion, forced labour, in­vol­un­tary col­lec­tion of bio­met­ric data, and ge­netic analy­ses tar­geted at Mus­lim mi­nor­ity groups.”

One of the com­pa­nies, O-Film, sup­plied parts for the iPhone 8 and iPhone X and Tim Cook, Ap­ple’s CEO, vis­ited its fac­tory in 2017, ac­cord­ing to the ASPI re­port. An­other com­pany, Heifei Bit­land In­for­ma­tion Tech­nolo­gies, man­u­fac­tures com­put­ers and phones and de­scribes it­self as a part­ner of Google.

The Chinese man­u­fac­turer, which makes cam­era and fin­ger de­tec­tion tech­nol­ogy, was backed by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foun­da­tion in 2013, ac­cord­ing to Pitchbook.

Rep­re­sen­ta­tives for the char­ity did not re­spond to a re­quest for com­ment. Nor did Ap­ple, Ama­zon, Google, Mi­crosoft and HP.

Two of the 11 com­pa­nies were ac­cused of forc­ing Uighurs to share their DNA. Sh­effield sur­veil­lance cam­era com­pany Py­ronix was caught up in a hu­man rights scan­dal when it emerged it was owned by sanc­tioned com­pany Hikvi­sion, which is ac­cused of build­ing sys­tems to mon­i­tor Uighurs. Hikvi­sion said it was in­ves­ti­gat­ing the claims.

Ap­ple boss Tim Cook is re­ported to have vis­ited the fac­tory of one of the sup­pli­ers sanc­tioned by the US

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