From die-cutting to découpage – if you’re new to the cardmaking world you might be wondering what it all means...
Cardmaking terms made simple
A thin transparent film used commonly in papercraft.
An aperture is a shaped hole cut from the front of a base card.
A tool used to make a neat, sharp crease in paper or card. Découpage
There are two very different découpage techniques. The first is the art of creating a 3D image from paper layers. The smaller parts of a repeated image are cut out and layered on top of the original image with sticky fixers. The second is when pieces of découpage paper are used to cover an object, usually using watered-down PVA glue or Mod Podge. Die-cutting
A die-cutting machine cuts out shapes from paper or card. The machine sandwiches metal dies (templates) over your chosen card, which is then fed through a roller by turning a handle on the machine. Distressing
A technique where card or paper is distressed with a tool to create a rough-edged, aged finish. Embossing
This technique adds a raised image, pattern or greeting. It is often done by hand using a stencil or board with an embossing tool. Embossing folder
This plastic folder has a raised design on one side and an indented design on the other. Place card inside the folder and run through a die-cutting machine using the correct plates to emboss. Faux stitching
This involves using a fineline pen to imitate stitches by drawing lines. Fussy cutting
In papercraft, this means using scissors to cut out an image or motif from patterned paper. Gilding The process of applying fine foil, usually metallic, to your cards. Glossy Accents
A clear, three-dimensional gloss made by Ranger. Use it to accent and protect distinct areas of your projects. Heat embossing
This technique creates a shiny, raised effect on a stamped image. Stamp using a slow-drying ink such as VersaMark, sprinkle over with embossing powder and tap off the excess before gently heating with a heat tool. Kraft card
This is light brown, usually recycled, card that is used for layering with backing papers. Masking
This involves covering an area of card before stamping or colouring so that the colour or image underneath is unaffected. Parchment craft
The art of embossing and piercing specialist paper to create an image or pattern. Punches
These are used to punch out shapes to decorate cards. There is a huge variety available, including border punches and nesting punches. Shaker card
A shaker card is a type of card that has a clear window which is filled with various beads and/ or glitter. The card can then be shaken to see the embellishments move. Sticky fixers
These are tiny, sticky foam pads used to give a 3D effect when attaching panels to a base card, or between layers of découpage. Texture paste
A thick paste that can be applied to your cards to create a raised, embossed image. VersaMark ink
A thick, clear ink that dries slowly, which is used in stamping and heat embossing. Washi tape
This is a kind of decorative masking tape with the properties of rice paper.