Jar­gon Buster

Computer Active (UK) - - Contents -

2.5D glass

Screen de­sign that has a slight cur­va­ture at the edge.

32bit

A mea­sure of how much in­for­ma­tion a com­puter can process at once. Most older com­put­ers are 32bit.

3G/4G

A set of tech­nolo­gies that de­liver faster mo­bile broad­band.

4K

Video with a res­o­lu­tion of at least 3840x2160 pix­els.

64bit

A tech­nol­ogy that pro­cesses in­for­ma­tion in larger chunks. Most mod­ern com­put­ers are 64bit.

720p

A com­mon res­o­lu­tion of HD video: 1280x720 pix­els.

Ad­ware

Un­wanted ad­verts that come with soft­ware.

Bench­mark­ing

Com­par­ing soft­ware and prod­ucts with an ac­cepted stan­dard.

Beta

A ver­sion of soft­ware that’s be­ing tested.

Bot­net

A group of in­fected com­put­ers con­nected to­gether via the in­ter­net, and used to in­fect other PCS.

Client

A web­site or PC pro­gram used to ac­cess and man­age a user’s email.

Clone

A fea­ture in some backup pro­grams that makes an ex­act copy of a drive on to an­other drive.

Core

Mul­ti­ple pro­ces­sors squeezed on to a sin­gle chip.

CPU

Cen­tral Pro­cess­ing Unit. A com­puter pro­ces­sor.

Crowd­sourc­ing

Ob­tain­ing ideas, in­for­ma­tion or money from a large group of peo­ple, usu­ally on­line.

Dis­play­port

A new socket for con­nect­ing mon­i­tors that’s still rel­a­tively rare.

DVI

Dig­i­tal Vis­ual In­ter­face. A com­mon type of dis­play con­nec­tor.

En­code

To con­vert me­dia files to a new for­mat.

Exif

Ex­changable Im­age File For­mat. A method for stor­ing ex­tra in­for­ma­tion in dig­i­tal photo files.

Ex­ten­sion

A pro­gram that adds ex­tra fea­tures to your browser.

Ges­ture

Fin­ger move­ments on a screen that per­form an ac­tion.

GHZ

Gi­ga­hertz. A mea­sure of how many in­struc­tions a chip can process per sec­ond. 1GHZ is equal to 1,000MHZ.

GIF

Graph­ics In­ter­change For­mat. A type of im­age file of­ten used on the web, but now largely su­per­seded by PNG.

Gi­ga­bit Eth­er­net

A very fast net­work­ing stan­dard that can trans­fer data at up to 1,000Mbps.

GPU

Graph­ics Pro­ces­sor Unit. A chip de­signed to cre­ate 3D graph­ics, but which can also be used for other com­put­ing tasks.

Graph­ics card

A com­po­nent in a com­puter that pro­duces the im­age shown on the mon­i­tor.

HDMI

High-def­i­ni­tion me­dia in­ter­face. A type of con­nec­tion that trans­mits high-def­i­ni­tion video and au­dio sig­nals.

HTML5

The lat­est ver­sion of the Hyper­text Markup Lan­guage used to cre­ate most web pages.

Hy­brid drive

A stor­age de­vice that con­tains both a con­ven­tional hard drive and flash mem­ory.

IMAP

In­ter­net Mes­sage Ac­cess Pro­to­col. A method for email that lets the user man­age mes­sages stored on a re­mote server.

IP ad­dress

In­ter­net Pro­to­col Ad­dress. A unique set of num­bers used to iden­tify com­put­ers and web­sites on the in­ter­net.

IPS

A screen tech­nol­ogy. Mon­i­tors that use it have wider view­ing an­gles and bet­ter, more ac­cu­rate-look­ing colours.

LCD

Liq­uid crys­tal dis­play. The tech­nol­ogy used to cre­ate al­most all flatscreen mon­i­tors.

LED

Light-emit­ting Diode. An elec­tronic de­vice that emits light.

M.2

A stan­dard spec­i­fi­ca­tion for in­ter­nal PC ex­pan­sion cards and con­nec­tors.

Ma­chine learn­ing

The science of teach­ing com­put­ers how to learn by them­selves.

Mi­croatx

A stan­dard for moth­er­boards in­tro­duced in 1997.

Mi­crosd card

A small type of mem­ory card. Can be con­verted to SD size us­ing an adapter.

Moth­er­board

The main cir­cuit board in­side ev­ery PC into which all other parts con­nect.

NFC

Near-field com­mu­ni­ca­tion. A tech­nol­ogy that al­lows two de­vices to com­mu­ni­cate by be­ing touched to­gether or placed near to each other.

Oled

Or­ganic light-emit­ting diode. A thin-film or­ganic light-emit­ting diode used in PC and TV screens.

Over­clock

Make a pro­ces­sor work faster to im­prove per­for­mance at the cost of it get­ting hot­ter and re­quir­ing more power.

Phish­ing

A form of in­ter­net fraud that tries to trick you into re­veal­ing per­sonal de­tails.

POP3

Post Of­fice Pro­to­col 3. A sys­tem for re­motely ac­cess­ing and retriev­ing email from an ISP.

Plug-in

A pro­gram that adds fea­tures to soft­ware or to your web browser.

Pro­to­col

The agreed stan­dard for trans­mit­ting data be­tween de­vices.

PUP

Po­ten­tially un­wanted pro­gram that you con­sent to down­load.

Quad core

A com­puter that has four pro­ces­sors on a sin­gle chip.

RAM

Ran­dom-ac­cess mem­ory. The com­puter’s work­ing area.

Ren­der

How a web­site con­verts dig­i­tal code into an im­age.

SATA

Se­rial ATA. An in­ter­face for con­nect­ing mod­ern hard drives and op­ti­cal discs to a com­puter.

SD card

Se­cure Dig­i­tal card. A pop­u­lar type of mem­ory card.

SIM

Sub­scriber Iden­tity Mo­d­ule. The smart card used by all dig­i­tal mo­bile phones.

SRGB

A stan­dard RGB colour space for use on mon­i­tors.

SSD

Solid-state drive. Stor­age that, un­like a hard drive, uses no mov­ing parts.

Static IP ad­dress

An IP ad­dress that stays the same ev­ery time you go on­line, un­like dy­namic IP ad­dresses.

Tag

A key­word used to de­scribe a file or web page.

Teth­er­ing

A way of pro­vid­ing in­ter­net ac­cess to a com­puter by con­nect­ing it to an­other de­vice.

Thun­der­bolt

A very fast port for con­nect­ing ex­ter­nal stor­age to a com­puter.

TLS

Trans­port Layer Se­cu­rity. A tech­nol­ogy for keep­ing in­for­ma­tion se­cure and se­cret when sent over the in­ter­net.

Travel

The dis­tance the keys of a key­board have to be pressed be­fore the key­stroke is recog­nised.

Two-step ver­i­fi­ca­tion

A sys­tem that uses two dif­fer­ent means to iden­tify the user. For ex­am­ple, a PIN in ad­di­tion to a pass­word.

UPNP

Univer­sal Plug and Play. A stan­dard for shar­ing me­dia be­tween com­put­ers and net­work de­vices.

USB 2.0/3.0/3.1

Faster ver­sions of the USB stan­dard used to con­nect de­vices to a com­puter.

USB Type-c

A new con­nec­tor that’s re­versible, let­ting you plug it in up­side down.

VGA

Video Graph­ics Ar­ray. A stan­dard socket for con­nect­ing a mon­i­tor to a com­puter.

VPN

Vir­tual pri­vate net­work. A tech­nol­ogy for keep­ing all in­ter­net com­mu­ni­ca­tion safe and pri­vate even on in­se­cure net­works.

WPS

Wifi Pro­tected Setup. An easy way to make a wire­less con­nec­tion be­tween a de­vice and your router by press­ing the WPS but­ton on both.

ZIP file

A file that con­tains a com­pressed items.

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