John Mcewen comments on Landscape Viewed From a Window
For Matisse, marriage proved a cornerstone. ‘I love you dearly, mademoiselle,’ he told Amélie Parayre, ‘but I shall always love painting more.’ Amélie was unfazed; she yearned for a cause. ‘I didn’t know much about what he was doing,’ she recalled, ‘but I knew whatever he did could only be good.’
They were married in January 1898 and honeymooned in London so he could see Turners: ‘What incandescence! What dazzlement! What jewels!’ He later vowed: ‘The painter of the future will be such a colourist as has never yet been seen.’ Turner was one inspiration, the warm south another. Van Gogh had blazed a trail; Matisse, another northerner, followed. Amélie’s loyalty was compounded by the inspirational support of a russian oligarch, Sergei Shchukin. In 1908, when Matisse’s colour explorations were becoming unsellable, Shchukin, a born collector, arrived in Paris and bought him out.
By 1911, when Matisse visited Moscow, Shchukin had opened the collection that adorned his palace to the public—vestiges of its dramatic influence on young russian artists can be seen in ‘revolution’, the royal Academy’s russian show (until April 17). Shchukin got Matisse to hang the palace’s Pink Drawing room as a Matissean iconostasis, a ‘beautiful hothouse of orchids’.
The following year, Matisse took the welltrod painters’ path to Morocco. He was also commissioned by another russian oligarch, Ivan Morozov, a commercial collector, to paint three ‘landscapes’, the so-called ‘Moroccan Triptych’. This view was one of them; The Casbah Gate (featured as Lachlan Goudie’s favourite painting on March 30, 2016) another. In his Notes of a Painter (1908), Matisse wrote that his aim was to find a subject’s ‘essence’ in order to produce ‘an art of balance, purity and serenity’.