THE curlew, Europe’s largest wading bird and once creator of a most charming moorland soundtrack, has become one of the most pressing concerns for conservation charities following the publication this month of the annual the state of the UK’S birds report. This shows that 15 species have moved into the red-list category on the Birds of Conservation Concern table; these include five upland species, with the curlew, which is vulnerable to predation and habitat disturbance, showing a continuing downward trend—its global status is now ‘near threatened’. The BTO and GWCT, with a new appeal, are now working with other charities to research the curlew’s decline, involving thousands of volunteers and new tracking technology. Others joining it on the dreaded red list include the whinchat, grey wagtail, common sand-piper, dipper, merlin, pochard, black redstart and dotterel, but there’s good news for the woodlark, bearded tit and chough, which are now green-listed. Recording has begun for the BTO’S Garden Birdwatch survey—visit www.bto.org/gbw to find out how to help.