Know your fungi: six to spot

The main au­tumn glut may have passed but plenty of fungi are still to be found in our fields and woods. Some have lin­gered from milder days; oth­ers are the re­sult of a fi­nal push of fruit­ing bod­ies; a few sim­ply thrive in the cold.

Countryfile Magazine - - Contents - By Kevin Parr

AMETHYST DE­CEIVER

Lac­caria amethystina One of our most stun­ning toad­stools. A lin­gerer from au­tumn, it is small enough in size to shel­ter from early frosts among the for­est’s leaf litter.

OYS­TER MUSH­ROOM

Pleu­ro­tus os­treaus Of­ten seen in tubs in su­per­mar­kets,

this fa­mil­iar fungi is also found on dead or dy­ing wood, es­pe­cially beech, and can sur­vive freez­ing tem­per­a­tures.

VEL­VET SHANK

Flam­mulina ve­lu­tipes An ed­i­ble mush­room that en­joys win­ter, it is of­ten found near wa­ter on broadleaved trees and was for­mally, and aptly, known as ‘win­ter fun­gus’.

FLY AGARIC

Amanita mus­caria

Per­haps our most iconic fungi, fly agaric is not fond of frost but is eas­ily spied when shel­ter­ing un­der bram­ble

or bracken, its bright red cap con­trast­ing with au­tum­nal browns.

WOOD BLE­WIT

Lepista nuda Pop­u­lar with for­agers as it ap­pears

late in the year, the wood ble­wit has a vi­o­let cap, tightly packed gills

and a dis­tinct smell that is rem­i­nis­cent of cheap per­fume.

TRUM­PET CHANTERELLE

Craterel­lus tubae­formis This mas­ter of subterfuge blends into the dead leaves and dropped nee­dles on the for­est floor. Find­ing the first one is tricky – you may then see hun­dreds.

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