ON THIS DAY
1399: The Order of the Bath was constituted.
1521: Pope Leo X conferred the title of Defender of the Faith on Henry VIII. Twelve years later Henry broke with Rome to marry Anne Boleyn.
1844: Baked beans magnate HJ Heinz was born of German parents in Pittsburgh.
1899: The Boer War began between the British Empire and the Republics of the Orange Free State and the Transvaal.
1957: The Radio telescope at Jodrell Bank, Cheshire, planned by Sir Bernard Lovell, went into operation.
1958: The BBC TV sports programme Grandstand was first transmitted.
1973: The start of the Yom Kippur War in the Middle East.
1986: Nuclear weapons negotiations between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev opened in a summit in Reykjavik.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Samsung was forced to discontinue one of its flagship phones – the Note7 – after a new wave of concerns over the device’s safety.