ON THIS DAY
1577: English explorer Sir Francis Drake began his voyage to sail around the world. 1738: Astronomer Sir William Herschel, who discovered Uranus, was born in Hanover. He died in Slough in 1822. 1837: Isaac Pitman’s stenographic sound-hand, the first shorthand system, was published, price 4d. 1899: Winston Churchill was captured by the Boers while covering the war as a reporter for the Morning Post. He escaped a few weeks later. 1956: Elvis Presley’s first film, Love Me Tender, was premiered in New York. 1968: The Cunard flagship Queen Elizabeth docked at Southampton for the last time. 1969: ITV channel ATV screened the first colour television commercial in Britain - for Birds Eye peas. 1983: The Greenham Common women’s group mounted their first protest as cruise missiles arrived at a US airbase in Berkshire. ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Prison officers were ordered back to work after thousands joined a protest held amid claims jails were “in meltdown”.