On this DAY
1215: King John put the Royal Seal on the Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor. 1381: Wat Tyler, the first poll tax protester, was executed at Smithfield. 1572: Harrow School was founded. 1621: The first greenhouse in Britain was erected in Oxford in preparation for a predicted severe winter. A gardener tended a charcoal fire throughout the night to keep up the temperature. 1844: Charles Goodyear patented his vulcanised rubber process in the US. 1860: Florence Nightingale (left) started her School for Nurses at St Thomas’ Hospital, London. 1934: Dictators Hitler and Mussolini met for the first time, in Venice. 1945: Family Allowance payments were introduced in Britain - five shillings (25p) a week for the second child and subsequent children, but no payment for the first-born. 1996: The IRA exploded a 3,300lb bomb in Manchester city centre, causing massive damage and more than 200 injuries, but no fatalities.