On this DAY
1492: Christopher Columbus sighted his first land in discovering the New World, calling it San Salvador.
1537: Edward VI, son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, was born. He succeeded his father when he was nine, but died at 15.
1609: Three Blind Mice was published in London, believed to be the earliest printed secular song.
1866: Ramsay MacDonald was born. In 1924 he became Britain’s first Labour Prime Minister.
1872: Composer Ralph Vaughan Williams was born in Down Ampney, Gloucestershire.
1875: Modern-day Satanist Aleister Crowley – once dubbed “the wickedest man in the world” – was born in Leamington, Warwickshire.
1915: British nurse Edith Cavell was executed by German firing squad.
1984: Five people died, and 34 were injured, in an IRA bomb attack on the Grand Hotel in Brighton, where the Conservative Party conference was being held.
2002: 202 people died in bomb attacks on two nightclubs in Bali.
2009: Edgar Allan Poe received a funeral in Baltimore, USA, 160 years after his death.
ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The Government announced plans to encourage home energy efficiency and clean power, drive take-up of electric cars and plant new forests.