5 Use filters to enhance drama
Make the most of mono scenes with filters to modify the light entering the lens. A Polarising filter screws into the thread on the front of your lens and will boost blue skies and enhance cloud detail, while cutting back on reflections from water or glass. These filters are a fantastic way to pack further punch into your shots, and prices for polarisers start at around £30.
You can also severely restrict the amount of light entering your camera with a Neutral Density filter (ND), which will allow you to shoot with a much longer shutter speed. They’re available in a number of strengths – or ‘stops’ – and prices start at around £35 for a 77mm thread fit. A ‘big stopper’ reduces the light by 10 stops, allowing for ultra-long exposures, but costs a little more with prices starting at around £65.
Shooting with a longer shutter speed means you can blur movement, so pedestrians can be rendered invisible, the sea transformed into a misty blur and clouds turned to artistic streaks. These type of effects work particularly well in black & white and produce truly eye-catching and dramatic images, so a filter is a worthwhile investment.
Filters can help balance the exposure in an image.