Choose a good location
What should you look for in an ideal shooting spot?
When it comes to locationhunting for seascapes, finding a strong foreground is a good starting point. On sandy beaches, this could be ripples in the sand, tidal pools or perhaps man-made structures such as wooden groynes. On clifftops there may be wild flowers, footpaths, or even the cliff edge itself can be used as foreground interest.
A strong feature that can be used as a background focal point can also enhance a composition. Fortunately, many seascapes offer a wealth of choice: headlands, sea stacks, distant islands and lighthouses are all possibilities.
Seascapes look their best when there is a sense of drama. Extra drama can be injected into the scene by enhancing the impression of height and distance by getting in close to foreground elements with a wide-angle lens. Waves crashing on the shore will always add excitement to a scene, and choosing locations that face the direction of the prevailing wind will increase your chances of seeing big waves. If the location also happens to boast a rocky shoreline, even better!
Above left Natural drama
the cliff-top rocks provide a strong foreground and the waves crashing onto the rocky shore below add a natural sense of drama to this view
the rocky ledges provide a strong foreground in this location and the tower on the distant headland is a natural focal point for a composition