Edit for tonal per­fec­tion

Digital Photograper - - Techniques -

Three top tu­to­ri­als for tweak­ing or com­pletely re­plac­ing the colours in your scenes

In an ideal world, you’d cap­ture all the right colours in-cam­era. In truth how­ever, ev­ery im­age can ben­e­fit from a lit­tle edit­ing in the dig­i­tal dark­room, es­pe­cially when it comes to boost­ing colours up. If you’re go­ing to be print­ing your pho­tos, it’s par­tic­u­larly im­por­tant to make sure your lap­top or com­puter screen is cal­i­brated cor­rectly be­fore you get go­ing, as ev­ery mon­i­tor varies slightly in terms of colour sat­u­ra­tion and bright­ness.

Whether you’re us­ing Light­room, Pho­to­shop or Cam­era RAW, most pro­grammes have a sim­i­lar set of tools. If you’re ad­just­ing im­age tones in Pho­to­shop though, use ad­just­ment lay­ers for each new edit, so that you don’t per­ma­nently al­ter your orig­i­nal file.

The first edit to make is tweak­ing white bal­ance with the Tem­per­a­ture and Tint slid­ers un­til you’re happy with the cast across your im­age. You might want to look at Split Ton­ing too, which will en­able you to se­lec­tively in­tro­duce dif­fer­ent hues to the high­lights and shad­ows. To ad­just the ex­po­sure and con­trast, al­ter the Lev­els or Curves. For mak­ing gen­er­alised colour cor­rec­tions to your im­age, add a Colour Bal­ance ad­just­ment layer.

Next up, one of the best ways to amp up colours is by drag­ging the Sat­u­ra­tion or Vi­brance slid­ers to the right. Be con­ser­va­tive at this stage, as too much Sat­u­ra­tion will de­grade the im­age and cause pos­ter­i­sa­tion (when you’ll no­tice colour tran­si­tions ap­pear­ing as bands rather than a smooth tran­si­tion from one tone to an­other).

Sat­u­ra­tion and Vi­brance slid­ers can also be found in the Ba­sic tab of Light­room’s De­velop panel, but what’s the dif­fer­ence be­tween the two? Us­ing clever Adobe wiz­ardry, the Vi­brance slider works on more muted tones. Ideal for por­traits, it leaves skin tones and heav­ily sat­u­rated colours un­al­tered for a much more nat­u­ral-look­ing re­sult. On the other hand, the Sat­u­ra­tion slider changes all hues more ag­gres­sively, af­fect­ing colours no mat­ter how sat­u­rated they al­ready are.

Once gen­eral ad­just­ments have been made to an im­age, you might want to take things fur­ther and get more cre­ative. It’s pos­si­ble to mix, match and re­place colours com­pletely in Pho­to­shop CC. The Color Re­place­ment tool is tucked away un­der­neath the tra­di­tional brush in Pho­to­shop, and can be used to re­place a sin­gle colour in a photo – dis­cover how this works in the tu­to­rial on the next page.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.