Cam­era set tings

Digital SLR Photography - - The Beginner ’s Guide -

ME­TER­ING PAT­TERN: In most weather con­di­tions, your cam­era’s multi- zone me­ter­ing pat­tern will prove most re­li­able. Also re­ferred to as Eval­u­a­tive, Hon­ey­comb and Ma­trix, this type of so­phis­ti­cated pat­tern di­vides up the scene into zones and uses a com­pli­cated al­go­rithm to av­er­age the in­di­vid­ual read­ings and pro­vide one over­all cor­rect ex­po­sure. While no sys­tem is in­fal­li­ble, for land­scape pho­tog­ra­phy this is the most re­li­able sys­tem. VIR­TUAL HORI­ZON: When tak­ing pho­tos in bad weather, you will of­ten need to set up quickly. It is easy to make silly er­rors when you are rush­ing – and tak­ing pho­tos with wonky hori­zons is a com­mon mis­take. While you can cor­rect this dur­ing pro­cess­ing, it is bet­ter to get things right in- cam­era. Many dig­i­tal SLRS now have a handy lev­el­ling or Vir­tual Hori­zon fea­ture. Ac­ti­vate this fea­ture to help you quickly get your cam­era per­fectly level. APER­TURE: When pho­tograph­ing far- reach­ing views or landscapes, in­clud­ing rain­bows, you will nor­mally want to record every­thing within the scene, from front- to- back, in fo­cus. To gen­er­ate a large zone of fo­cus, select a small f/ stop in the re­gion of f/ 14 or f/ 16. Avoid your lens’s small­est aper­tures, though. When a lens is stopped right down, it is more prone to an op­ti­cal e ect called di rac­tion, which soft­ens im­age qual­ity. HIGH­LIGHTS WARN­ING: You can nor­mally ac­ti­vate your cam­era’s High­lights warn­ing via its Play­back menu. It works as an ex­po­sure warn­ing, telling you if the high­lights of an im­age ex­ceed the sen­sor’s dy­namic range ( its abil­ity to cap­ture de­tail in the shadow and high­light ar­eas si­mul­ta­ne­ously) – the a ected ar­eas of the im­age will fl ash. This is a handy warn­ing, al­low­ing you to ad­just ex­po­sure set­tings and reshoot. The High­lights warn­ing is par­tic­u­larly use­ful when you shoot landscapes that con­tain bright ar­eas of sky.

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