cam­era tech­niques to try

Digital SLR Photography - - The Beginner ’s Guide -

Zoom in The phrase ‘ can’t see the wood for the trees’ springs to mind here. a great trick for help­ing you to see ab­stracts in the world around you is to use a tele­zoom lens to zoom right in on your sub­ject or scene and scan around. as your eye is forced into see­ing just a mag­ni­fied part of the scene, it’s eas­ier to find po­ten­tial ab­stract com­po­si­tions than when faced with the wider pic­ture.

Go macro close- up pho­tog­ra­phy re­veals de­tail that might not have been ap­par­ent when viewed at scale. in tak­ing a macro view, fo­cus­ing on one de­tail and omit­ting the rest of the sub­ject, you can cre­ate eye- catch­ing ab­stracts. it’s tempt­ing to leave these in colour, es­pe­cially with vi­brant sub­jects. but take a risk and try mono­chrome – it’s per­fect for high­light­ing tex­ture and pat­tern.

Look up and down we’re used to see­ing the world straight- on, from head- height. mix things up and try point­ing your lens up­ward or down­ward to scan for ab­stract an­gles. look­ing up works well in cities with steel and glass gi­ants con­verg­ing above you, whereas look­ing down re­veals tex­tures and pat­terns in the nat­u­ral world, such as rip­ples in the sand or cracks in stone.

play with ex­po­sure seek out high- and low- key scenes. don’t fret about man­ual mode – use aper­ture- pri­or­ity with ex­po­sure com­pen­sa­tion to dial in pos­i­tive ( brighter) or neg­a­tive ( darker) ex­po­sure. high- key scenes con­tain lots of light tones, whereas low- key scenes dis­play plenty of dark tones – trans­lated into black & white, you can cre­ate highly graphic im­ages.

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