ab­stract clas­sics

Digital SLR Photography - - The Beginner ’s Guide -

Ge­om­e­try Easy to spot in modern ar­chi­tec­ture – straight lines, in­ter­sect­ing an­gles, sym­me­try and in­ter­est­ing shapes make for great ab­stract ap­proaches, es­pe­cially stripped of colour. The ba­sic rules of com­po­si­tion come into play – the rule- of- thirds, neg­a­tive space and lead­ing lines. Lead­ing lines are usu­ally more dy­namic when they en­ter the frame di­ag­o­nally from the lower cor­ners.

Sil­hou­ettes Re­duc­ing a sub­ject down to its ba­sic shape with a sil­hou­ette is a fan­tas­tic way to flex your cre­ativ­ity, and they work well in black & white. Back­light­ing is es­sen­tial – frame your sub­ject against a bright back­ground, such as the sky, and me­ter for the high­lights, cast­ing them into shadow. Con­vert­ing to mono and ad­just­ing con­trast em­pha­sises this fur­ther.

light and Shadow Bright, sunny days aren’t the best for land­scape or por­trait pho­tog­ra­phy, but they’re fan­tas­tic for black & white ab­stracts as they in­ject con­trast. Look for scenes split by hard shad­ows, or shapes be­ing cast on bright walls. Of­ten you can an­tic­i­pate an im­age ap­pear­ing by think­ing ahead as the sun moves across the sky. Me­ter for the high­lights and let the rest fall to dark­ness.

rep­e­ti­tion and pat­tern Rep­e­ti­tion and pat­terns are all around us, if you look care­fully. Think rip­ples on a beach, a mesh fence, a ze­bra’s coat, win­dows in a tall build­ing, the shadow of rail­ings cast on the ground, tiles on walls and floors or a rep­tile’s scaly skin – there’s loads of choice out there! Void of colour, they’re of­ten sim­pli­fied and re­duced down to re­peat­ing tones. Give it a try.

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