From Os­cars to World Cup host

Evening Express (Extra Edition) - - FAMILY MEMORIES -

THE Al­ter­na­tive Vote has al­ready shown it has the pos­si­bil­ity of throw­ing up some sur­prises. The Os­cars have adopted a form of AV, known as In­stant Run Off Vot­ing, for how the most cov­eted prize – best pic­ture – is awarded. In 2010 this saw the big-bud­get favourite, James Cameron’s Avatar, beaten by his ex-wife Kathryn Bigelow’s The Hurt Locker. The se­lec­tion cam­paign to host the foot­ball World Cup uses an­other sys­tem sim­i­lar to AV, which saw Eng­land elim­i­nated in the first round in its bid to hold the event in 2018. But this se­lec­tion process had a cru­cial dif­fer­ence, be­cause the vot­ers were able to se­lect their pref­er­ences at each stage – so did not have to guess who would be left in the competition. The sys­tem was also used to al­low Ed Miliband to take con­trol of the UK Labour Party and saw Nick Clegg voted in as the Lib Dems’ leader.

FIRST PAST THE POST

VOT­ERS choose which can­di­date most rep­re­sents their views and put an X against their name. The sys­tem means it is less likely that smaller par­ties get elected and also means that the over­all choice of who gov­erns de­pends on a se­lec­tion of mar­ginal seats across the coun­try.

AL­TER­NA­TIVE VOTE

Vot­ers are pre­sented with a list of names and rank them in or­der of pref­er­ence. To win the seat a can­di­date must gain more than 50% of the vote. If af­ter the first round of count­ing they have less than 50%, the can­di­date with least votes is elim­i­nated. In a new count the sec­ond pref­er­ence votes on the elim­i­nated can­di­date’s bal­lot pa­pers are dis­trib­uted to the re­main­ing can­di­dates. This process con­tin­ues un­til there is a win­ner.

RI­VALS: The Hurt Locker slugged it out with Avatar, be­low, at the 2010 Os­cars.

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