NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS 2017
THE winners of this year’s Nobel Prizes have been announced. Named after Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, every year the awards honour people who have excelled in six categories – three of them related to science. The others are the Nobel Peace Prize, the Nobel Prize in Literature and the prize for Economics.
The Nobel Prize in Physics
Winners: Rainer Weiss, Barry C Barish and Kip S Thorne. These three American scientists won for making the first observations of gravitational waves, which are ripples in the fabric of space-time that were first predicted by legendary scientist Albert Einstein.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Winners: Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson. The team won the £830,000 prize for their work in cryo-electron microscopy. This type of microscope technology allows scientists, for the first time, to record biochemical processes as they happen – a development that is revolutionising biochemistry (the science that studies chemical processes that occur within living things).
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Winners: Jeffrey C Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W Young. The prize for medicine was awarded to a team that made discoveries about the 24-hour body clock. They found out how plants, animals and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronised with the world around them.
Members of the Nobel Committee announce the winners of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry