NEED TO KNOW
A handy glossary of terms for understanding endocrinology
Adrenaline is one of the most familiar hormones and is famed for the ‘buzz’ it gives when released during frightening or exciting moments.
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM 2
Humans have at least 80 known hormones and 10 hormone-producing glands. The release of hormones, their effects, and their interaction with each other is known as the endocrine system.
Hormones play a key role in the body’s constant maintenance of a stable internal environment, known as homeostasis.
Hormones are chemicals released by the body to control processes including digestion, metabolism, respiration,sleep, reproduction, mood and growth, to name a few. They travel through the blood and bind to specific receptors on the target cell, triggering a change in cell function.
HPA AXIS 5
This stands for the hypothalamic– pituitary–adrenal axis, a complex system including the hypothalamus, the adrenal and pituitary glands, and many hormones.