A small box that holds the stylus (needle) and connects to the headshell.
Sits on the end of the tonearm and holds the cartridge, which in turn holds the stylus.
The straight or curved lever that moves across the record as the stylus follows the groove.
The round plate that spins round and holds the record.
The body of the turntable on which the platter sits.
A round piece of felt or similar material that’s placed on the platter to protect the record.
A preamp that boosts a weaker, phono-level signal to line-level. Can be built into your amp or the turntable itself, or a separate offboard unit.