1 See Skeptical Enquirer, vol 38 No1, 2014. Joe Nickell argues that some spiritualist references in the ‘Red Book’ are anachronistic, as are certain words: “the word detective did not originate until about 1840 and then in England as an adjective”. Furthermore, textual analysis proves “Bell and Ingram had comparative reading levels” which were “respectively 14.3 and 14.4”. This is college level – unlikely for a rural farmer like Bell.
2 https://ckc4me.wordpress. com/2012/10/25/the-mysteriousspirit-of-adams-tennessee/bellwitch-chasing-shakers/
3 John M Goodman Jr, Red River Baptist Church – A History, pp4041.
4 Another American poltergeist that inflicted injury was reported in 1905 as the ‘Deserted Surrency’ case in Georgia: it also had a slave-owning history. http:// trove.nla. gov.au/ newspaper/ article/4942382/924667.
5 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Magical_Negro
6 Haunted People: Story of the Poltergeist down the Centuries (1951).
7 www.tennessean.com/story/ news/local/robertson/2015/10/26/ bell-witch-legend-gets-newtwist/74640802/
8 www.masonicworld.com/ education/files/artoct02/rite_of_ discalceation.htm
9 Joe Nickell, op cit.
11 http://tnstateparks.com/parks/ about/port-royal
12 There were several earthquakes in the area in 1811-1812 which caused the Mississippi to run backwards and form the Reelfoot Lake and reportedly rang Liberty Bell all the way over in Philadelphia.