‘QUI’ AND ‘QUE’
The relative pronouns ‘ qui’ and ‘ que’ are used to convey the meaning of who, which or that in an English sentence.
‘ Qui’ is the subject of the verb, so in ‘ un chien qui aboie’, the dog is carrying out the action of barking.
‘ Que’ is used as the object, so in ‘ la vidéo que j’ai téléchargée’, the video is the object that the internet user downloaded.
In English the relative pronoun is often left out when the subjects in the main clause are different: ‘The book [that] I bought last week’. However, in French the relative pronoun is never omitted: ‘ Le gâteau que j’ai fait hier’.