Rejuvenate your lawn
After several months of wear and tear, lawns and grass paths will often have bare patches by the end of autumn, and almost all will be compacted simply by a season of footfall. Reducing that compaction now, and reseeding or returfing damaged patches will ensure a healthy lawn next spring. Using a fork, dig the tines as deep as possible into the grass, and lever back and forth to loosen the soil compaction ( if you have a large lawn, it’s worth hiring a mechanical aerator for this). Then spread over it washed sand or a mix of sieved topsoil and sand, and gently brush or rake this into the holes the fork has made. If the bare patches are large, fork them over lightly and rake to a tilth, then sow fresh grass seed thinly onto them – this will germinate and grow fast this month. You can patch lawns with turf, but it rarely blends in with existing grass and will need to be left untrodden almost as long as grass seed. Whether using seed or turf, keep traffic to a minimum until the new grass is long enough to mow.
Grass roots need a supply of oxygen. Allow them to breathe by using your fork to reduce compaction