Cut out dead wood

Gardeners' World - - Autumn Pruning Guide -

Prun­ing this ma­te­rial not only im­proves the look of the plant, but also makes space for new shoots to grow from the base, and pro­vides fewer places for pests and dis­eases to over­win­ter. What to cut Re­move old and weak branches at the cen­tre of shrubs and fruit bushes to pre­vent over­crowd­ing and, in some cases, dead stems. Lower branches may also die on trees where they are shaded by the crown. Look for buds that failed to grow at the ends of pre­vi­ously pruned stems. Where to cut Re­move all dead wood by cut­ting back flush to a main branch or healthy, strong bud. Watch for short, dead stubs or ‘snags’. When to cut Be­fore the ma­jor­ity of leaves fall from de­cid­u­ous spec­i­mens, so you can eas­ily tell which parts of the plant are alive. Take care not to cut live ma­te­rial that looks dead but has sim­ply lost its leaves.

Cut flush to a live branch so wounds heal quickly

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