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The Victoria Cross is the highest military decoration awarded to British and Commonwealth Armed Forces for valour in the face of the enemy.
It was first bestowed in 1856 by Queen Victoria to reward bravery during the Crimean War, from 1854 to 1855. Since then, 1358 awards have been made.
The VC takes precedence over all other orders, decorations and medals. It may be awarded to a person of any rank in any service and also to civilians under military command.
It is usually presented to the recipient, or their next of kin, by the British monarch at Buckingham Palace.
Every medal has been made by London jewellers Messrs Hancocks from the bronze of Chinese cannons captured from Russian troops at the siege of Sevastopol.
A 358oz piece of the metal is kept at the Army’s Central Ordnance Depot at Donnington and it is believed there is enough material left for around 85 more medals.
It has been estimated that the chance of surviving an action worthy of a Victoria Cross is 10 per cent.
Memorial Corporal William Clamp was honoured at the Cenotaph