Be Cpr-ready to help car­diac ar­rest vic­tims

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What is by­stander CPR?

By­stander CPR means that the per­son who is be­side some­one who has had a car­diac ar­rest pushes hard and fast on their ch­est un­til help ar­rives from the am­bu­lance ser­vice.

If you don’t do CPR then the chances of that per­son sur­viv­ing drop by 10 per cent with ev­ery minute that passes.

What are the key steps of do­ing CPR?

1. If some­one col­lapses and is not breath­ing, first call 999 and then shout for help.

2. Clasp your hands to­gether, lock your fin­gers, knuckles up, lock your el­bows and keep your arms straight.

3. Be­gin hands only CPR, push­ing down hard to the beat of Pro­claimers song ‘500 miles’ on the cen­tre of the per­son’s ch­est. 4. Keep go­ing un­til am­bu­lance ar­rives. 5. Re­mem­ber, don’t de­lay in start­ing CPR. Any CPR is bet­ter than no CPR

What if I am still not sure if CPR is needed?

When you call 999, the emer­gency call han­dler will ask you some ques­tions and ad­vise you if CPR is needed and talk you through what needs to be done.

Will CPR alone bring the per­son back to life?

Un­for­tu­nately not, that only hap­pens in the movies. CPR is about keep­ing blood flow­ing round the body as a re­sult of push­ing down on the cen­tre of the ch­est. this is all about buy­ing time un­til the am­bu­lance crew ar­rive to takeover.

If you do CPR then you can at least dou­ble the chances of some­one sur­viv­ing.

Will I make thing worse if my CPR is not perfect?

No. The per­son is al­ready very un­well and needs CPR. Any CPR is bet­ter than no CPR.

Do you need to do mouth-to-mouth re­sus­ci­ta­tion?

Press­ing on the per­son’s ch­est and not stop­ping is the pri­or­ity un­til the am­bu­lance crew ar­rives or un­til there is a de­fib­ril­la­tor avail­able.

Breath­ing into some­ones mouth is dif­fi­cult and takes time. The emer­gency call han­dler will tell you how and where to press on their ch­est and count to keep the blood mov­ing.

What is Save a Life for Scot­land?

Save a Life for Scot­land launched in Oc­to­ber 2015 and is a col­lab­o­ra­tion of emer­gency ser­vices (Scot­tish Am­bu­lance Ser­vice, Scot­tish Fire and Res­cue Ser­vices, Med­i­cal De­fence Ser­vices and Po­lice Scot­land), third sec­tor or­gan­i­sa­tions (The Bri­tish Heart Foun­da­tion in­clud­ing Heart­start, Ch­est Heart and Stroke Scot­land, Royal Life Sav­ing So­ci­ety Scot­land, Bri­tish Red Cross , St John Scot­land and Lucky 2 B Here), com­mu­nity groups, lo­cal au­thor­i­ties, aca­demics, in­dus­try part­ners and the Scot­tish Gov­ern­ment.

A move­ment of peo­ple who be­lieve the sta­tus quo can’t be al­lowed to con­tinue, and that to­gether we can do what we haven’t been able to do separately.

Our aim is to change the cul­ture of ‘what’s the point they all die’ or ‘I can’t do any­thing to help’ to ‘I’ll do it.’

Any CPR is bet­ter than no CPR. This is all about buy­ing time un­til the am­bu­lance crew ar­rive

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