What next for Heathrow’s ex­pan­sion?

Look­ing at what the de­ci­sion means for the fu­ture

Harefield Gazette - - NEWS - By Amita Joshi amita.joshi@trin­i­tymir­ror.com

A THIRD run­way at Heathrow Air­port has been backed by Prime Minister Theresa May and the cab­i­net, but what hap­pens now?

As the £16 bil­lion plan to in­crease flights to 700,000 a year by 2030 comes to the fore­front, res­i­dents and busi­nesses alike are ea­ger to know what steps will be taken next.

What ac­tion will cam­paign­ers, res­i­dents, Heathrow Air­port and big busi­nesses take now?

From start to fin­ish, the next process is ex­pect to take around four years, the air­port has said.

In 2018 a Gov­ern­ment led con­sul­ta­tion for the public is ex­pected take place, show­ing the draft Na­tional Pol­icy State­ment (NPS).

The con­sul­ta­tion will be car­ried out in­de­pen­dently from Heathrow.

Once this has been handed in, the NPS will lay out a plan­ning pol­icy for air­port ex­pan­sion and set out the pol­icy tests that the project must meet. MPs will vote on it as late as Spring 2018.

In 2019 an ap­pli­ca­tion for de­vel­op­ment con­sent will be sub­mit­ted by Heathrow. A plan to reduce lev­els of air pol­lu­tion will be pub­lished in due course as well, ac­cord­ing to Heathrow Air­port.

Ac­cord­ing to the law, the air­port will also have to hold two “ex­ten­sive con­sul­ta­tions” be­fore any ap­pli­ca­tions are sub­mit­ted.

Who is com­pen­sa­tion Lon­don? Firstly, each house will be in­di­vid­u­ally val­ued to de­ter­mine its “un­blighted” value at the time of sale, this will be the value the prop­erty would have had if a third run­way at Heathrow had not been pro­posed.

Next, they will be di­vided into ei­ther of the two ar­eas which have been mapped out as part of com­pen­sa­tion schemes from the air­port .

In the map pic­tured right, the pur­ple marked area is the “im­proved” com­pen­sa­tion scheme.

Those liv­ing in the area will have the choice to ei­ther re­main in their home or sell their home at 25% above mar­ket value once the new run­way has been con­structed.

The red/pink area is a com­pul­sory pur­chase bound­ary and homes within this will be forced to sell their homes to make way for con­crete.

Their homes will be bought for 25% above mar­ket value com­pen­sa­tion plus le­gal fees, plus stamp duty costs will be cov­ered.

How­ever, home­own­ers who have bought their home since De­cem­ber 2013 will not be el­i­gi­ble for the of­fer.

Heathrow cal­cu­lated ap­prox­i­mately 3,750 home­own­ers’ prop­er­ties would be el­i­gi­ble for com­pen­sa­tion un­der the re­vised scheme.

What are cam­paign­ers and res­i­dents plan­ning on do­ing next? Har­mondsworth res­i­dents who gath­ered at The Five Bells in the vil­lage told en­ti­tled to in west said they will “not give up the fight”.

The area has been ear­marked for de­mo­li­tion to make way for the third run­way.

Back­ing the res­i­dents were Friends of the Earth and pol­lu­tion cam­paigner Jenny Bates said: “Heathrow ex­pan­sion is grim news for peo­ple al­ready strug­gling to cope with poor air qual­ity.

“A new run­way will cause more air pol­lu­tion in sur­round­ing lo­ca­tions – and shock­ingly this re­port ad­mits it could even make it worse in ar­eas that al­ready ex­ceed EU le­gal lim­its. The gov­ern­ment’s ar­gu­ment that it’s ac­cept­able to worsen air qual­ity in ar­eas al­ready blighted by il­le­gal air pol­lu­tion – be­cause other parts of the cap­i­tal are even worse – is pre­pos­ter­ous.”

What will big busi­nesses do next? Many busi­nesses are urg­ing the gov­ern­ment to move for­wards as swiftly as pos­si­ble, in­clud­ing chair­man of busi­ness group Lon­don First, John Al­lan, who said: “The most im­por­tant thing is to get on with it.”

An­drew Dak­ers, chief ex­ec­u­tive of West Lon­don Busi­ness, added: “This is a mile­stone an­nounce­ment for west Lon­don’s econ­omy and the wider UK for which we have waited a long time. The ex­pan­sion will un­lock sig­nif­i­cant in­vest­ment and sends a clear sig­nal as we pre­pare for Brexit that west Lon­don, the UK’s sec­ond largest eco­nomic pow­er­house, re­mains open for busi­ness.”

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