Deep concern for our midwives
THE number of NHS midwives in England rose by just 67 in the last year, despite universities turning out over 2,000 newly-trained staff, according to the latest State of Maternity Services Report published on September 12 by the Royal College of Midwives.
There were the equivalent of 21,601 full-time midwives working in the NHS in England in May, according to the most recent figures from NHS Digital, up just 67 on a year earlier. The rise contrasts sharply with the 2,132 midwives who graduated from English universities in 2016/17.
It is of deep concern that we’re only seeing an increase of about one NHS midwife for every 30 or so newly-qualified midwives graduating from our universities. It’s not that new midwives aren’t getting jobs – they are. The problem is, so many existing midwives are leaving the service, the two things almost cancel each other out.
The government has committed to training an extra 3,000 midwives. That’s great news, but if the trend identified in this new report continues, those 3,000 additional training places may only produce an extra 100 midwives on the NHS frontline. We must see still more trained as well as action on retaining the staff that we already have.
The report, which estimates that the national midwife shortage is unchanged on the previous year, at 3,500 full-time staff, also highlights the challenge of keeping EU-trained midwives as Brexit looms.
In the year to March, just 33 midwives who trained elsewhere in the EU registered in the UK to work as midwives. This number had been 272 only two years previously, before the 2016 referendum. Over the same period, the number of European midwives leaving the register jumped from 160 to 234.
We have around 1,700 EU-trained midwives registered to work here in the UK, and they will be caring for tens of thousands of women every year. Their numbers are already falling quite dramatically however, and my fear is that if Brexit goes ahead, especially without a deal, their numbers could quite simply collapse. More needs to be done now to guarantee their right to stay and work in the UK post-Brexit; even if there is no deal, then more will leave and that will make our shortage even worse.
The number of births dipped last year. With the number of births off its peak and this new commitment from the government for more training places for midwives, we have an opportunity to tackle this longstanding problem.
But we need action to ensure those training places materialise, that there are enough clinical training placements for students, that they graduate and get jobs. Even more than that, we need to ensure the midwives we do have stay in the service, and that means things like ensuring NHS staff get good pay rises in the future.
It would be great if in future years I needed to complain less about the shortage and was able to speak more about the great things that a well-staffed, well-resourced maternity service was achieving.
Gill Walton Chief executive, Royal College
Battle of Britain Day, September 15