Cases of can­cer fall as more are screened

Hinckley Times - - NEWS -

THE num­ber of new cases of cer­vi­cal can­cer has fallen by more than five per cent in the East Mid­lands in less than five years.

A to­tal of 236 new cases of the dis­ease were di­ag­nosed in the re­gion in 2015, ac­cord­ing to the lat­est NHS data.

That works out at a de­crease of 6.7 per cent com­pared to 2011, when there were 253 di­ag­noses.

At the same time, the num­ber of women tak­ing up po­ten­tially life-sav­ing cer­vi­cal screen­ing checks has been in­creas­ing.

Cer­vi­cal can­cer is a type of can­cer that de­vel­ops in a woman’s cer- vix, the lower part of the womb.

One way to de­tect ab­nor­mal cell changes in the cervix that could po­ten­tially de­velop into cer­vi­cal can­cer is through cer­vi­cal screen­ing.

If the screen­ing de­tects sig­nif­i­cant ab­nor­mal­i­ties, women can have treat­ment to re­move them be­fore they be­come can­cer­ous.

In the East Mid­lands, the per­cent­age of el­i­gi­ble women screened had in­creased be­tween 2011 and 2015 from 71.2 per cent to 73.8 per cent.

The NHS send screen­ing in­vi­ta­tions ev­ery three years to women aged 25 to 49, and ev­ery five years to women aged 50 to 64.

Across Eng­land, there were 2,517 new cases of cer­vi­cal can­cer in 2015, a sta­ble level com­pared to five years be­fore when there were 2,511 new cases.

In 2015, 606 women died of cer­vi­cal can­cer, 15 per cent fewer than in 2011 when 781 died.

Since the screen­ing pro­gramme was in­tro­duced in the 1980s, the num­ber of cer­vi­cal can­cer cases has de­creased by about 7 per cent each year.

In 2011, 69.4 per cent of el­i­gi­ble women were screened and the per­cent­age in­creased in 2015 when 70.2 per cent of el­i­gi­ble women were screened.

Ac­cord­ing to the NHS, it is es­ti­mated that up to 5,000 cases of cer­vi­cal can­cer are pre­vented each year in the UK be­cause of cer­vi­cal screen­ing.

Ab­nor­mal changes in the cells of the cervix can be caused by cer­tain high-risk types of hu­man pa­pil­loma virus (HPV).

A vac­ci­na­tion is also of­fered to girls aged 12-13 as part of the NHS Child­hood Vac­ci­na­tion Pro­gramme to pro­tect them against HPV.

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