In the ranks

The new or­der was push­ing out the old among the men who fought dur­ing the late Tu­dor pe­riod

History of War - - ISSUE 51 -

English and Span­ish forces faced off across bat­tle­fields on land and at sea

Dur­ing a pe­riod of mil­i­tary in­no­va­tion, the bat­tle­field was trans­form­ing and gun­pow­der weaponry was firmly in the as­cen­dancy. As tech­no­log­i­cal ad­vance­ments were made, ar­tillery be­came in­creas­ingly im­por­tant both on land and at sea. The days of heavy cavalry com­mand­ing the field were gone, and ar­mies in­creased in size and ar­tillery, ar­que­buses and mus­kets be­gan to dom­i­nate.

“LIFE FOR THE COM­MON SAILOR WAS HARD, WHETHER IN THE NAVY OR IN A PRI­VATELY OWNED VES­SEL”

English sailors weren’t sim­ply skilled sea­men: they could op­er­ate ar­tillery and fight ef­fec­tively hand to hand

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