History of War - - OPERATOR’S HANDBOOK -

An­thony Fokker mod­i­fied the French Mo­rane-saulnier H as a sin­gle-seat light re­con­nais­sance air­craft, des­ig­nated the M.5. First flown in 1913, the M.5 be­came the pro­to­type of Fokker’s famed Ein­decker fighter. Im­prove­ments over the French de­sign in­cluded a length­ened fuse­lage, with a chrome-molyb­de­num steel tub­ing cov­ered by fab­ric rather than a wooden frame. The rud­der was re­shaped to re­sem­ble a comma, and the fixed un­der­car­riage and land­ing gear were con­structed with the brac­ing py­lons be­low the wings. The pri­mary pro­duc­tion E.III vari­ant was im­proved over ear­lier de­signs, with its larger horse­shoe cowl­ing and wings with nar­rower chord, or dis­tance from the lead­ing to trail­ing edge. Sheet me­tal sur­faces were dis­tinc­tive with ‘en­gine turn­ing’, the ap­pear­ance of ma­chined geo­met­ric pat­terns.

The Fokker Ein­decker was a men­ac­ing sight in 1915. It was a chal­lenge to fly, but in the hands of skilled pi­lots it dom­i­nated the air dur­ing the ‘Fokker Scourge’

Ger­man ground crew­men pose with their Fokker Ein­decker

RIGHT: An­thony Fokker de­signed suc­cess­ful air­craft for the Ger­man armed forces dur­ing WWI, in­clud­ing Ein­deck­ers, the D.VII bi­plane and the fa­mous DR.I tri­plane

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