HEIN­RICH VON PLAUEN 1370-1429 GER­MANY

THIS LEADER PULLED THE OR­DER BACK FROM THE BRINK OF DIS­AS­TER

History of War - - THE TEUTONIC ORDER -

De­spite its ter­ri­ble de­feat at the Bat­tle of Grun­wald in 1410, the Or­der saved it­self from to­tal de­struc­tion, largely due to the ef­forts of Hein­rich von Plauen, who be­came grand mas­ter af­ter the death of von Jungin­gen in the bat­tle.

Von Plauen had not been present at Grun­wald, but in its af­ter­math he moved quickly to take charge of the lead­er­less knights. He would give no ground to the vic­to­ri­ous Poles and Lithua­ni­ans, and shored up the Or­der’s pos­ses­sions against im­mi­nent as­sault. The city of Marien­burg was strongly held and well­pro­vi­sioned against a siege. Von Plauen also put out a call for re­in­force­ments. His spirit helped to stiffen the morale of the forces in the city.

Władysław Jagiełło, the king of Poland, had not an­tic­i­pated en­coun­ter­ing such se­ri­ous re­sis­tance at Marien­burg and was taken aback by the fierce­ness of the de­fend­ers. Af­ter eight weeks of bom­bard­ment, Władysław was forced to with­draw. Von Plauen would go on to drive out the en­emy and re­cap­ture the ma­jor­ity of cas­tles taken by the Pol­ish and

Lithua­nian forces.

Hein­rich von Plauen stead­ied the reel­ing Teu­tonic Knights af­ter Grun­wald and pre­served much of the Or­der’s lands

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