October events that changed the world
OCTOBER AD 732 FOREIGN EVASION
The attempted Muslim conquest of France by the Umayyads of Al-Andalus (Spain) is halted by Frankish military leader Charles Martel.
12 OCTOBER 1810 THE FIRST OKTOBERFEST
When King Ludwig I gets married, the citizens of Munich are invited to join the celebrations, becoming the first ever Oktoberfest.
10 OCTOBER 1903 WOMEN CHANGE THE WORLD
Emmeline Pankhurst creates the Women’s Social and Political Union from her home in Manchester, along with five other women.
21 OCTOBER 1905 DEATH OF NELSON
Vice-Admiral Nelson is mortally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar, after being shot in the shoulder by a musket.
17 OCTOBER 1912 BALKAN WARS
Bulgaria, Greece and Serbia declare war on the Ottoman Empire, marking the start of the First Balkan War.
1 OCTOBER 1949 THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC
Mao Zedong founds the communist People’s Republic of China on the Chinese mainland, after a bloody civil war with Taiwan.
12 OCTOBER 1984 BRIGHTON HOTEL BOMBING
Aiming to assassinate Margaret Thatcher and her cabinet, the IRA bomb the Grand Brighton Hotel. It kills five people, including an MP, but does not injure the Prime Minister.