BRI­TISH INFLUEN CE ON INDIA

History Revealed - - COVER STORY VICTORIA: RISE OF AN EMPRESS -

ED­U­CA­TION

The Bri­tish wished to cre­ate “a prop­erly ar­tic­u­lated sys­tem of ed­u­ca­tion from the pri­mary school to the univer­sity”, and ver­nac­u­lar ed­u­ca­tion and mass ed­u­ca­tion were deemed in­cred­i­bly im­por­tant. In 1857, uni­ver­si­ties were es­tab­lished in Cal­cutta, Bom­bay and Madras.

POSTAL SER­VICE

The In­dian Post Of­fice was es­tab­lished in 1837, with the first ad­he­sive stamp fol­low­ing in 1852. Un­der the Bri­tish Raj, the postal sys­tem ex­panded rapidly, with 889 post of­fices han­dling some 43m let­ters and more than 4.5m news­pa­pers an­nu­ally by 1861.

SPORT

The first ref­er­ence of a cricket match be­ing played in India is in 1721, by sailors of the East India Com­pany, and from there the sport grew. The start of first-class cricket in the coun­try is said to have been a match be­tween Madras and Cal­cutta in 1864.

COM­MON LAW SYS­TEM

India’s tra­di­tion of Hindu and Is­lamic law was bro­ken un­der the Bri­tish Raj in favour of Bri­tish com­mon law – a sys­tem of law based on recorded ju­di­cial prece­dents.

LAN­GUAGE

In 1837, English be­came the of­fi­cial lan­guage of In­di­an­law courts, and in 1844, pref­er­ence in gov­ern­ment posts was given to those who had re­ceived an English ed­u­ca­tion. It also be­came the ac­cepted lan­guage of the so­cial elite and national press.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from UK

© PressReader. All rights reserved.