IN­DIAN E IN­FLU­ENCE ON BRI­TAIN

History Revealed - - COVER STORY VICTORIA: RISE OF AN EMPRESS -

LAN­GUAGE

Words of Hindi and Urdu ori­gin soon in­fil­trated the English lan­guage. ‘Py­ja­mas’ comes pay­jamah, from the Urdu word mean­ing leg gar­ment, while ‘sham­poo’ is from the Hindi word čāmpo, mean­ing to press and knead.

SPORT

The mod­ern game of polo orig­i­nated in north­east India in circa AD 33, and was adopted by English plan­ta­tion own­ers in As­sam from c1854. The sport was later pop­u­larised by the Bri­tish up­per classes.

FASH­ION

Ma­te­ri­als such as cotton and silk, ac­cessed through trade with India, were in­creas­ingly used in Bri­tish cloth­ing. In­di­an­in­spired pat­terns such as pais­ley also be­came pop­u­lar in fash­ion.

FOOD

Once In­dian spices were widely avail­able in Bri­tain, cur­ries and chillies fea­tured reg­u­larly in the Bri­tish diet. Lon­don’s first In­dian restau­rant opened in 1810, but it was Vic­to­ria’s love of curry that made its pop­u­lar­ity spread.

DRINK

In­dian tea cul­ture gave rise to the tra­di­tion of af­ter­noon tea, to­gether with the es­tab­lish­ment of tea shops and tea rooms. Vic­to­ria’s ex­pan­sion of trade with India made prod­ucts such as tea cheaper and more plen­ti­ful.

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