Understanding head injuries
HEAD injuries in riders can occur due to a blow to the head, such as hitting it on a solid object in a fall. Or they can occur as a result of rapid deceleration, where the brain moves inside the skull.
It is important riders are not allowed to return to the saddle before they have fully recovered as repeat injuries can lead to further health problems.
All jockeys have mandatory baseline neurophysiological screening every two years.
Both the BHA and BE now use the SCAT5 test as part of the process to diagnose concussion, which is the most up-to-date standard tool.
It is a step-by-step guide that helps medics to establish the presence and severity of a suspected head injury.
There are mandatory stand-down periods and reassessments for riders before they can return to competition or racing following a head injury.