“THE EARTH IS FLAT”
By around 500 BCE most ancient Greeks believed our planet was round. For a long time before this it was believed to be flat. It was only when we started to map the trajectory of the Sun and the stars and applied mathematics to speculation that we rejected the disc model and accepted the spherical model. You can see the evidence of this curve yourself. Just sit on a clear day and watch a sailing boat as it cruises over the horizon, and you will see it slowly disappear as it dips beneath the horizon and eventually out of sight. This was just one argument made by Aristotle (circa 384–322 BCE), who was possibly the first person to propose a spherical Earth based on physical evidence in around 350 BCE.
So what evidence do modern flat Earth societies have to continue to believe claims that are flat out unsubstantiated? These conspiracy theorists reject the irrefutable evidence of gravity and instead favour the position that we are on a disc that is being pushed upwards through space by a mysterious force called dark energy. They believe that our planet is a disc-shaped world with the Arctic Circle in the middle, with a rotating dome of stars over our heads. Among other absurdities are theories that the Sun is only several hundred kilometres away from us, the Moon is transparent and a giant magnet under the ocean controls the tide.
Perhaps the most outlandish aspect of the flat Earth conspiracy theory is the belief that our planet is surrounded by a huge, 45-metre-high ice wall on the coast of Antarctica that holds our ocean in and prevents us from falling off the planet. Flat Earth conspiracy theorists not only reject the shape of the Earth but also deny the irrefutable evidence of almost all of the scientific evidence underpinning our understanding of physics, mathematics and our origins.
The model of a flat Earth is incorrect and has no scientific support