Time­line of the Tower

How It Works - - HISTORY -

1070s

Fol­low­ing the Nor­man in­va­sion in 1066, Wil­liam the Con­queror be­gan build­ing the fortress to con­trol the city of Lon­don.

1241

Henry III had the cas­tle keep white­washed. It then be­came known as the White Tower.

Mid-1300s

The for­mal lock­ing and un­lock­ing of the Tower be­gan on King Ed­ward III’S orders.

1381

The only time the Tower’s de­fences failed was dur­ing the Peas­ants’ Re­volt when rebels ran through the gates.

1471

King Henry VI was mur­dered here dur­ing the Wars of the Roses. He was the last Lan­cas­trian king.

1669

Dur­ing the reign of Charles II pay­ing mem­bers of the pub­lic were per­mit­ted to visit the Tower.

1674

The re­mains of small chil­dren were dis­cov­ered, be­lieved to be the ‘Princes in the Tower’, who went miss­ing in 1483.

1835

The Royal Me­nagerie was closed and the an­i­mals were moved to Re­gent’s Park.

1952

No­to­ri­ous East End gang­sters the Kray twins were among the last pris­on­ers to be held at the Tower.

1994

The Crown Jewels were moved up to the Jewel House, which was opened by Queen El­iz­a­beth II.

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