Timeline of the Tower
Following the Norman invasion in 1066, William the Conqueror began building the fortress to control the city of London.
Henry III had the castle keep whitewashed. It then became known as the White Tower.
The formal locking and unlocking of the Tower began on King Edward III’S orders.
The only time the Tower’s defences failed was during the Peasants’ Revolt when rebels ran through the gates.
King Henry VI was murdered here during the Wars of the Roses. He was the last Lancastrian king.
During the reign of Charles II paying members of the public were permitted to visit the Tower.
The remains of small children were discovered, believed to be the ‘Princes in the Tower’, who went missing in 1483.
The Royal Menagerie was closed and the animals were moved to Regent’s Park.
Notorious East End gangsters the Kray twins were among the last prisoners to be held at the Tower.
The Crown Jewels were moved up to the Jewel House, which was opened by Queen Elizabeth II.