Huddersfield Daily Examiner - - FRONT PAGE -

THE name for ‘hedge­hog’ comes from ‘hedge’, be­cause of their for­ag­ing habits, and ‘hog’, be­cause of its snout – and the fact they eat like pigs and have a vo­ra­cious ap­petite.

Hedge­hogs eat oo­dles of slugs and cater­pil­lars in a sea­son but at this time of year their nat­u­ral food sources can be­come scarce.

Since they re­ally need to stock up on food be­fore they hi­ber­nate for the win­ter, putting food out for hedge­hogs at this time of year re­ally helps th­ese ben­e­fi­cial crea­tures to build up the fat stores they need to keep warm while hi­ber­nat­ing.

A lot has been said about what to feed hedge­hogs over the years but the Bri­tish Hedge­hog Preser­va­tion So­ci­ety – of which I am a pa­tron – says that there’s only a hand­ful of things that are re­ally suit­able.

Choose meaty cat or dog food in white meat flavours, such as turkey or chicken, and en­sure it’s in jelly in­stead of gravy (the lat­ter can be overly salty).

Put this out in a shal­low dish and – if you’re wor­ried about cats and foxes clear­ing the plate, cover it with an up­turned un­der-bed stor­age box with a 13cm2 en­trance cut into the side. This al­lows only hedge­hogs to get at the grub.

You can also put out spe­cial­ist hedge­hog food which is avail­able from most gar­den cen­tres.

A shal­low saucer of fresh wa­ter is the per­fect hedge­hog drink for wash­ing down the chow.

Please never feed hedge­hogs milk or bread as th­ese can make them sick and de­hy­drate them – ex­actly the op­po­site of what they need.

Once hedge­hogs are suit­ably fed, it’s time for them to find a cosy dwelling for the win­ter months. You can buy a hedge­hog house or, if you’re in the mood for a lit­tle DIY with the kids, you can make your own rel­a­tively eas­ily. I nor­mally head down to the wine mer­chant and pick up some large (30-40cm) wooden wine crates to trans­form into a home.

An up­turned wine crate with a 13cm2 door­way nes­tled among old log piles, straw and leaves makes the ideal hedge­hog home.

Leave the bed­ding ma­te­ri­als out­side, mind, as th­ese crea­tures like to do their own in­te­rior de­sign.

My web­site (david­ has a free, step-by-step guide on build­ing hedge­hog homes. Of course, you’ll need to make sure hedge­hogs have ac­cess to your gar­den first by cut­ting hedge­hog high­ways into the Please never feed hedge­hogs milk or bread as th­ese can make them sick and de­hy­drate them – ex­actly the op­po­site of what they need bot­tom of fence pan­els or in­stalling hedges as bound­aries, which al­low free move­ment be­tween gar­dens. Most im­por­tantly, if you’re plan­ning a bon­fire for dry gar­den waste be sure to check that no hedge­hogs have crawled into the pile think­ing it’s a great spot for hi­ber­na­tion be­fore you light it. It’s worth light­ing bon­fires from one side only just in case, so that any hid­den hedge­hogs can es­cape from the other side. OTHER help­ful hi­ber­na­tors in­clude am­phib­ians like newts, frogs and toads, which also eat buck­ets of crop-munch­ing in­sects. If you have a pond nearby, they’ll be plan­ning on go­ing into hi­ber­na­tion shortly. They love to hide un­der rocks as they go into their long win­ter sleep.

I nor­mally turn a ter­ra­cotta pot on its side and bury half of it, side-on, into the ground like an open­mouthed hut. Cram in twigs and leaves and it makes a great shel­tered spot for th­ese crea­tures over win­ter.

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