IT HAPPENED THEN
Historical events from September
1947 70 years ago
In American the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was set up by the National Security Act 1947.
1957 60 years ago
The Wolfenden report was published. A committee under chairman Sir John Wolfenden, which had been considering homosexuality and prostitution for several years, recommended homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence.
In the USA the governor of the state of Arkansas called out the State National Guard to stop a group of AfricanAmerican students enrolling at Little Rock High School. US president Eisenhower retaliated by dispatching paratroopers of the elite 101st Airborne Division to keep order and protect the “Little Rock Nine” to ensure they could enrol.
Householders would, in the event of nuclear attack, be well advised to keep water in their baths. So said Mr A W Kenney, radio-chemical inspector to the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. He was addressing a meeting of East Anglian water engineers at Norwich City Hall. The water would be useful for ‘human needs’ and putting out small fires. In a separate announcement the government estimated we would have a fiveminute warning of atomic attack.
Lonnie Donegan and his skiffle group headed the final variety bill of the season at the Regal Theatre, Great Yarmouth. Also in town was comedian Norman Wisdom. He was on hand at The Marina to crown 25-year-old dancer Toni Pendyck, from Cheshire, as that year’s Miss Battle of Britain.
Alderman Leach Secondary Modern School, Gorleston, was the first in the borough to get its own television set. Headmaster Mr W J Walters was presented with the 21-inch set in time for the first BBC schools programmes. Also pioneering a TV in school was Beccles County Modern.
1967 50 years ago
Stormy weather in the first week of September brought trouble for Broads holidaymakers. Three cruisers were run aground and holed as strong winds and an
exceptionally low tide created bad conditions for hire craft. Two boats from Wroxham ran aground on stakes at Breydon Water. The Gorleston inshore rescue craft took people off and landed them at Berney Arms. In the gale-swept North Sea, 52ft cutter Theodora spent 18 hours in peril, with 14 people on board, eight of them under 21. Found by a German coaster, the ship was taken in by the new Gorleston lifeboat Khami.
BBC Radio took on a new form. The Light Programme split into Radio One, based on pirate Radio London, and Radio Two; the Third Programme became Radio Three, while talk radio the Home Service was renamed Radio Four.
The Crown Colony of Gibraltar voted in a referendum on union with Spain. A total of 44 out of 12,182 voters was in favour; 95 per cent elected to stay British.
Television sets showing brand new colour pictures were the main attraction at an open day held at the BBC’s transmitting station at Tacolneston, Norfolk. An estimated 6,000 people queued up to see the displays, which included two of Doctor Who’s enemies, the Daleks.
1977 40 years ago
Five lads from New Catton, Norwich, had taken up the new craze for skateboarding. Dale Hartle, Stephen Warnes, John Hartle, Dale Woodbine and John Coombs included ‘Evel Knievel’type stunts in their repertoire. They told the Eastern Daily Press newspaper they hoped to hold championships on a purpose- built course. Fears were growing of children skateboarding unsupervised in Norwich car parks and subways.
Violent television programmes such as Starsky and Hutch and The Rockford Files were linked to teenage violence in a new report. Based on a two-year study of 13-to-16-year-old London boys, it concluded those who watched such shows were 50% more likely to commit violence than those who had not. Starsky and Hutch was a BBC Saturday night stalwart in the pre-Match of the Day slot. You could also watch The Dick Emery Show and Parkinson on a Saturday night.
African National Congress activist Steve Biko died in police custody in Pretoria, South Africa. His death sparked unrest in the country.
Glam rocker Marc Bolan died in a car crash. The 29-year-old T-Rex frontman was a passenger in a vehicle which hit a fence post in Barnes, London.
Thousands of spectators lined the sea front in Lowestoft to marvel at aerobatics by the Red Arrows. The RAF’s display team was making its sixth annual visit to the Suffolk resort.
Freddie Laker’s Skytrain made its first flight from Gatwick to New York. The no-frills airline sold transatlantic tickets at £ 59 (estimated at £ 331 in today’s values). Laker said he was bringing “cheap travel to the people with the will to travel but not the means”.
Lonnie Donegan and his Skifflers playing at the annual actors’ service at St James Church in Great Yarmouth.
The BBC’s transmitting station at Tacolneston.
Comedian Russ Abbot will be 70 on September 16.
In Starsky and Hutch, Paul Michael Glaser starred in the role of Starsky.