Strasbourg: a European capital
The decision to make Strasbourg the legislative and democratic capital of the European Union after the Second World War has symbolic importance. Strasbourg’s strategic position in Alsace-Lorraine, a territory fought over by the German and French throughout the centuries, today makes it the symbol of reconciliation between the peoples and of the future of Europe.
Strasbourg is home to the following European institutions:
A place of education in European citizenship which is open to all. Its aim is to inform the public about the European institutions, the history of Europe and strengthen a feeling of belonging to the European values.
The Council of Europe
Founded in 1949, the Council of Europe brings together all of the democracies of the ‘old continent’ – currently 47 member states representing a combined population of approximately 800m. Its priorities are the protection of human rights but also social affairs, education, culture and the environment.
The European Parliament
Its 751-seat debating chamber for the MEPs, completed in 1999, hosts the European Parliament’s monthly sessions.
The Human Rights Building
The Human Rights Building was opened in 1995 and houses the European Court of Human Rights.