●● Pinch out rhododendron and azalea buds damaged by frost to prevent the spread of disease. ●● Cut out broken, diseased, dead or rubbing branches on established trees and shrubs except Prunus. ●● Wash and disinfect seed trays and pots, ready for early spring sowing and planting. ●● Make any necessary repairs to structures supporting plants such as trellises, pergolas and arches while the plants are dormant. ●● Give perennial vegetables such as asparagus, artichoke, rhubarb and sea kale a dressing of general fertiliser, which will wash down to their roots ready for the new growing season. ●● Sow early salad onions in a greenhouse now, or outdoors under cloches in midFebruary. ●● Give struggling hedges a boost with a dressing of general fertiliser or a mulch of well rotted manure anywhere over its root run. ●● Apply lime to any ground that needs it, particularly the vegetable plot. Soil enriched with manure in the autumn can now be treated. ●● Check that cloches haven’t moved out of alignment, or unwanted cold air may find its way to your crops. ●● If a cold spell threatens, crops such as spring cabbage can be protected by spreading straw around them.