Take to the trails
Take to the trails for stronger bones
Start running off-road to strengthen your muscles, joints and bones
Running off-road doesn’t only build stronger muscles and more stable joints, it will also lower your risk of osteoporosis. Previous research has shown the mental benefits of exercising in the great outdoors, including reducing anxiety and stress, and now a study in the European Society Of Endocrinology journal reports that long-distance running strengthens your bones more effectively than other forms of endurance cardio, such as cycling and swimming. Researchers measured levels of two proteins, osteocalcin and P1NP, both of which play roles in the formation of new bone. Blood levels were far higher in runners than in other endurance athletes. What’s more, a study in the Experiential Biology journal found that activities on uneven terrain led to a 28% increase in positive knee health, and a 62% increase in better hip movement, thanks to the additional workload of managing movements over unstable surfaces.