A turbocharger is a mechanical device that uses an engine’s exhaust gases to compress ambient air before forcing it back into the motor via the intake. A turbo contains two fans with one located in the engine’s exhaust system and the other to a fresh air supply. The high velocity exhaust gases spin the first fan (turbine), which in turn rotates the second fan (compressor) via a shaft. This second fan sucks in and compresses ambient air, creating charged air, which is denser than ambient air and therefore contains more oxygen. This is then forced into the engine (ideally via a charge cooler or intercooler to reduce its temperature), improving the efficiency of the burn and increasing the motor’s power output. Amazingly, a turbo can rotate at over 240,000rpm!
Suzuki are developing turbo bikes