WHAT IS CARBON FIBRE?
To produce a carbon filment, carbon atoms are bonded together with crystals that are aligned parallel to the long axis of the fibre. Each carbon filament has a very high tensile strength and several thousand are bonded together to form a tow, which can then be woven into a fabric to form carbon-fibre cloth.
The fabric can be moulded and a plastic resin is impregnated to the fabric so it hardens to form a rigid structure. Other elements can be added to form a composite with additional properties such as heat resistance.
The result is a product that has a specific strength (tensile strength divided by density) far in excess of steel or aluminium and the direction of the weave can alter stiffness of the product according to its direction.
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