WHAT HURTS?

Com­mon ail­ments that side­line run­ners

Runner's World (UK) - - BODY+MIND -

HIP, KNEE, AN­KLE, FOOT

OS­TEOARTHRI­TIS The wear-and-tear con­di­tion that oc­curs when car­ti­lage breaks down over time. Blame your ge­net­ics and your bio­chem­i­cal re­sponses (not nec­es­sar­ily run­ning).

HIP

BURSITIS This fric­tion syn­drome is caused by in­flam­ma­tion of the bursa – the small sac of fluid that lu­bri­cates the mus­cles and ten­dons that run around the hip joint.

KNEE

PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN (‘run­ner’s knee’) Dis­com­fort be­hind the kneecap (patella) caused by repet­i­tive con­tact be­tween the un­der­side of your patella and your fe­mur (thigh bone).

PATELLAR TENDINOPATHY In­flam­ma­tion of the ten­don that runs from the kneecap to the top of the tibia (one of two lower leg bones). The pain usu­ally oc­curs at the bot­tom of the patella, es­pe­cially when run­ning down­hill.

TORN MENIS­CUS Car­ti­lage on the in­side and out­side of the knee acts like bumpers be­tween the fe­mur and tibia. As you age, it be­comes thin­ner and more sus­cep­ti­ble to dam­age.

AN­KLE

ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY One of the most com­mon sources of an­kle pain, caused by in­flam­ma­tion of the largest ten­don in the an­kle.

AN­KLE SPRAIN When the foot and an­kle turn in or out sud­denly, the lig­a­ments that sta­bilise the an­kle joint can be­come dam­aged. BIG TOE

BUNION Under repet­i­tive pres­sure, the big toe joint can move out of place, swell and turn in, caus­ing a pain­ful, bony pro­tru­sion.

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