Common ailments that sideline runners
HIP, KNEE, ANKLE, FOOT
OSTEOARTHRITIS The wear-and-tear condition that occurs when cartilage breaks down over time. Blame your genetics and your biochemical responses (not necessarily running).
BURSITIS This friction syndrome is caused by inflammation of the bursa – the small sac of fluid that lubricates the muscles and tendons that run around the hip joint.
PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN (‘runner’s knee’) Discomfort behind the kneecap (patella) caused by repetitive contact between the underside of your patella and your femur (thigh bone).
PATELLAR TENDINOPATHY Inflammation of the tendon that runs from the kneecap to the top of the tibia (one of two lower leg bones). The pain usually occurs at the bottom of the patella, especially when running downhill.
TORN MENISCUS Cartilage on the inside and outside of the knee acts like bumpers between the femur and tibia. As you age, it becomes thinner and more susceptible to damage.
ACHILLES TENDINOPATHY One of the most common sources of ankle pain, caused by inflammation of the largest tendon in the ankle.
ANKLE SPRAIN When the foot and ankle turn in or out suddenly, the ligaments that stabilise the ankle joint can become damaged. BIG TOE
BUNION Under repetitive pressure, the big toe joint can move out of place, swell and turn in, causing a painful, bony protrusion.